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Brief introduction of the united Kingdom 英国简介



The United Kingdom (official name: the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland) is made up of four countries, which are united under one monarch and government. These countries are England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. The population of the United Kingdom is 66.04 million(2017), the capital is London.

大不列及北爱尔兰联合王国( United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),合王国( United Kingdom写作(UK)或不列 Britain),中文通称「英国」

英国(大不列及北爱尔兰联合王国的正式名称)由四个国家成,四个国家由一个君主和政府一。 些国家是英格EnglandScotland,威Wales和北爱尔兰Northern Ireland. 英国人口6604(2017),英国的首都是



London is the capital and largest city of England and the United Kingdom. The River Thames travels through the city. London is the biggest city in western Europe, and the world's largest financial centre.


Area: 130,395 km²

Population: 55.62 million (2017)


敦是英格(England)和英国的首都和最大城市. 泰晤士河穿越城市. 敦是西欧最大的城市,也是世界上最大的金融中心.






Cardiff is the capital of Wales and its largest city. The eleventh-largest city in the United Kingdom, it is Wales's chief commercial centre, the base for most national cultural institutions .


Area: 20,779 km²

Population: 3.125 million (2017)


加的夫是威(Wales)的首都及其最大的城市. 它是英国第十一大城市,是威士的主要商中心,也是大多数国家文化机构的基地.






Edinburgh  is the capital city of Scotland ,The city has long been a centre of education, particularly in the fields of medicine, Scots law, literature, philosophy, the sciences and engineering. It is the second largest financial centre in the United Kingdom.


Area: 80,077 km²

Population: 5.425 million (2017)


丁堡是(Scotland)的首都,期以来一直是教育中心,特是在医学,法律,文学,哲学,科学和工程域. 它是英国第二大金融中心.




Belfast is the capital and largest city of Northern Ireland. It is also the second largest city on the island of Ireland (after Dublin, the capital of the Republic of Ireland), and the fifteenth largest in the United Kingdom.

Northern Ireland

Area: 14,130 km²

Population: 1.871 million (2017)


贝尔法斯特是北爱尔兰(Northern Ireland)的首都和最大城市. 它也是爱尔兰岛上的第二大城市(次于都柏林,爱尔兰共和国的首都),是英国第十五大城市.









British culture is influenced by the nation's history; its predominantly Christian religious life, its interaction with the cultures of Europe, the traditions of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, and the impact of the British Empire. Although British culture is a distinct entity, the individual cultures of England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are diverse and have varying degrees of overlap and distinctiveness.


The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.  The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally.


英国文化受到国家史的影响; 它主要是基督教的宗教生活,与欧洲文化的互,英格,威士,爱尔兰传统,以及大英帝国的影响. 然英国文化是一个独特的体,但英格,威士和北爱尔兰的个体文化是多种多的,并且具有不同程度的重叠和独特性.

英国为发达国家,以名GDP量度是世界第五大经济体,以购买力平价量度是世界第九大经济体。英国是世界的首个工化国家,在1815-1914年間世界第一 今仍是強國之一,在全球范内的经济、文化、事、科技和政治上有著影响力.




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